5 uses of isotopes

isotopes of lithium: 6Li and 7Li. Cobalt-60 (10.5 mth): Formerly used for external beam radiotherapy. Among the non-generating radioactive isotopes are potassium-40 (K-40) with a half-life of 1.27 billion years old, rubidium-87 (Rb-87) with a half-life of 47.5 billion years and about 10 other nuclides that have a half-life of more than 10 billion years. Although they do not emit radiation, their unique properties enable them to be used in a broad variety of applications, including water and soil management, environmental studies, nutrition assessment studies and forensics. Dysprosium-165 (2 h): Used as an aggregated hydroxide for synovectomy treatment of arthritis. Key Terms. These two types of isotopes have many uses in different industries - medical, agricultural and food, among others. Isotopes are atoms of a single element that differ in their numbers of neutrons. To date we use roughly 40 activation product radioisotopes and also 5 isotopes that are products of fission in reactors. Every home should have smoke alarms. ... $0.56 (5 dimes, 6 pennies) 6 protons, 8 neutrons 10:8 I take the reference to “isotopes” to mean uses of nuclear reactions in daily life. nuclear medicine: The branch of medicine that uses radioactive isotopes in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. 1. isotopes of sulfur: 32S, 33S, 34S, and 36S In medicine, gamma rays emitted by radioactive elements are used to detect tumors inside the human body. Copper-64 (13 h): Used to study genetic diseases affecting copper metabolism, such as Wilson's and Menke's diseases. Radiocarbon dating, which measures the age of carbon-bearing items, uses a radioactive isotope known as carbon-14. List of Medical Isotopes Produced in Reactors and Their Uses… Everything is an isotope. Radioactive isotopes find uses in agriculture, food industry, pest control, archeology and medicine. The isotopes used in PET scans are produced in a device called a cyclotron. The isotopes that are neutron-rich and those created from nuclear fission must be made in nuclear reactors. The uranium occurs naturally as two isotopes 235 U and 238 U with relative abundances of approximately 0.28% to 99.71% with the remainder due to other isotopes.. Only the uranium 235 can be used for atomic energy and so needs to be concentrated in the sample. isotopes of carbon: 12C, 13C, and 14C. Common isotopes that are used in nuclear imaging include: fluorine-18, gallium-67, krypton-81m, rubidium-82, nitrogen-13, technetium-99m, indium-111, iodine-123, xenon-133, and thallium-201. This type of scan is useful for producing images of the brain and cardiac structures, as well as for detecting many types of cancer. Stable isotopes are non-radioactive forms of atoms. Do you see my problem? 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