metatarsal medical definition

[2] The body is prismoid in form, tapers gradually from the tarsal to the phalangeal extremity, and is curved longitudinally, so as to be concave below, slightly convex above. The second and third metatarsals are fixed while walking, thus these metatarsals are common sites of injury. The part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes, having as its skeleton the five long bones (metatarsal bones) articulating posteriorly with the cuboid and cuneiform bones and distally with the phalanges. "Metatarsus" redirects here. Skeleton of left foot. Patients who sustain a Jones fracture have pain over this middle/outside area of their foot, swelling, and difficulty walking. Source: WordNet 2.1. It is a common inflammatory condition occuring most frequently in the second, third and/or fourth metatarsophalangeal joints, or isolated in the first metatarsophalangeal joints. metatarsal - any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes bone , os - rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates metatarsus - the skeleton of the human foot between the toes and the tarsus; the corresponding part of the foot in birds or of the hind foot in quadrupeds These and other recent cases have been attributed to the lightweight design of modern football boots, which provide less protection to the foot. Lateral aspect. Most often a Jones fracture is caused without significant injury or impact, but sometimes it can be acute (as with Dr. Jones) and seen during pivoting in football or basketball when the heel is off the ground.1 Often there has been a gradual build-up of pain in the area and eventually, it reaches a point where y… [4], The base of each metatarsal bone articulates with one or more of the tarsal bones at the tarsometatarsal joints, and the head with one of the first row of phalanges at the metatarsophalangeal joints. Metatarsal fractures are common injuries to the foot often sustained with direct blows or twisting forces. What are synonyms for metatarsal? The head or distal extremity presents a convex articular surface, oblong from above downward, and extending farther backward below than above. Medical Definition of metatarsal. Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes. You might need an X-ray to identify or rule out a stress fracture or other foot problems. Superior view. The metatarsals are numbered from the inside out, so the first metatarsal extends to the big toe. Change your default dictionary to American English. Fortunately, at-home treatments, such as ice and rest, often relieve symptoms. Various foot problems can cause symptoms similar to those of metatarsalgia. These medical condition or symptom topics may be relevant to medical information for Metatarsal: These long thin bones are located between the toes and the ankle (between the tarsal bones in the hindfoot and the phalanges in the forefoot). [1], The five metatarsals are dorsally convex long bones consisting of a shaft or body, a base (proximally), and a head (distally). The metatarsals are convex bones of the forefoot consisting of a head, neck, shaft, and base. They are numbered from 1 to 5, medial to lateral or largest to smallest. sal. Its fracture is very frequent in the sports field, especially in those sports that require jumping and changes in rhythm and direction (such as football and basketball). Read medical definition of Metatarsal. Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes. The base of each metatarsal articulates with one or more of the tarsal bones and the head articulates with the proximal phalanges. Antonyms for metatarsal. 3 words related to metatarsal: bone, os, metatarsus. As a unit, the five metatarsals serve as the major weight-bearing complex of the forefoot. Metatarsals: Five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the tarsus) to the toes. The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes. The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Definition and synonyms of metatarsal from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. Fifth metatarsal fracture – the fifth metatarsal is a bone located on the outer edge of the foot. metatarsal answers are found in the Taber's Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Quick definitions from WordNet (metatarsal) noun: any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes Introduction: Metatarsal Description of Metatarsal. Their bases also articulate with each other at the intermetatarsal joints, The metatarsal bones are often broken by association football players. 3 words related to metatarsal: bone, os, metatarsus. They are named by numbers and start from the medial side outward. metatarsal. ... Synonyms. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical… Fractures of the first through fourth metatarsals are less common but can be associated with a Lisfranc injury. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Deep dissection. Metatarsal: any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes. See more at skeleton. Protection from injuries can be given by the use of safety footwear which can use built-in or removable metatarsal guards. These fractures are sometimes called march fractures, based on their traditional association with military recruits after long marches. Quick definitions from Macmillan Provided by . A metatarsal bone fracture is a complete or incomplete break in one of the five metatarsal bones in each foot. Its sides are flattened, and on each is a depression, surmounted by a tubercle, for ligamentous attachment. For the segment of an arthropod leg, see. It is of clinical importance because many fractures occur in this bone. Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005. [ meta- + G. tarsos, tarsus] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © … The medial side is the same side as the big toe. See additional information. The base or posterior extremity is wedge-shaped, articulating proximally with the tarsal bones, and by its sides with the contiguous metatarsal bones: its dorsal and plantar surfaces are rough for the attachment of ligaments. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The lengths of the metatarsal bones in humans are, in descending order: second, third, fourth, fifth and first. What are synonyms for Metatarsals? See more. Like all other medical issues, not every fracture will fall perfectly into one of these three fracture types, but these categories are useful for treatment guidance. The bases of each metatarsal also articulate with each other at the intermetatarsal joints. (mĕt′ə-tär′səl) Any of the bones of the foot lying between the tarsal bones and the bones of the toes or digits (phalanges). See Also. View the pronunciation for metatarsal. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The first metatarsal (os metatarsale I) is the shortest and most powerful metatarsal. To help pinpoint the source of your pain, your doctor will examine your foot while you stand and while you sit and ask about your lifestyle and activity level. The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally. This is the British English definition of metatarsal.View American English definition of metatarsal. Ankle and tarsometarsal joints, showing bones of foot. Metastrongylus apri), Metastrongylus pudendotectus (syn. Synonyms for Metatarsals in Free Thesaurus. Metatarsal definition, of or relating to the metatarsus, the part of the foot that includes the bones between the ankle and toes. The second metatarsal (os metatarsale II) is the longest metatarsal. Avulsion Fractures Avulsion fractures , sometimes called a pseudo-Jones fracture, when the tip of the bone is pulled off the fifth metatarsal by the tendon that attaches to this region. [7] Stress fractures are thought to account for 16% of injuries related to sports participation, and the metatarsals are the bones most often involved. Metatarsals shown in green. Synonyms for metatarsal in Free Thesaurus. Its larger cross section is required due to the increased biomechanical stress generated by the rolling motion of the big toe. One of the five long bones of the foot lying beyond the TARSAL bones and articulating with the bones of the toes ( PHALANGES ). Skeleton of foot. Most metatarsal fractures involve the fifth metatarsal and include avulsion fractures at the base, acute diaphyseal fractures (Jones fracture), and diaphyseal stress fractures. Oblique section of left intertarsal and tarsometatarsal articulations, showing the synovial cavities. Metatarsals are part of the bones of the mid-foot and are tubular in shape. Of or relating to the metatarsal bones and the phalanges of the foot, especially the articulations between them. To relieve metatarsalgia pain, the doctor may have you: Stay off your feet. Lacking individual names, the metatarsal bones are numbered from the medial side (the side of the great toe ): the first , second , third , fourth , and fifth metatarsal (often depicted with Roman numerals ). The metatarsals are analogous to the metacarpal bones of the hand. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web. Metatarsalgia is named for the five metatarsal bones in the midsection of your feet that connect to your toes. "Sock boffs may have cured metatarsal woes for Rooney and Co", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Metatarsal_bones&oldid=995104304, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:58. Safety footwear with removable metatarsal guard. Metatarsals shown in purple. Medical Treatment. Many of these fractures are easy to treat and have a favorable prognosis. Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the ... Full article >>> Metatarsalgia is a common overuse injury described as pain in the forefoot associated with increased stress over the metatarsal head region. Full article >>> Lacking individual names, the metatarsal bones are numbered from the medial side (the side of the great toe): the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth metatarsal (often depicted with Roman numerals). metatarsal: Medical dictionary [home, info] Metatarsal: Drug Medical Dictionary [home, info] (Note: See metatarsals for more definitions.) Metatarsal: Related Topics. Metatarsalgia (also known as Metatarsophalageal joint synovitis) is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region (the area just proximal the toes, more commonly referred as the ball-of-the-foot). 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