convict cichlid lifespan

There are many different species with the Cichlidae family; one of the most popular members of the family is the Black Convict Cichlid. Convicts are strong swimmers and like to ‘rearrange’ tanks so make sure you use and anchor powerful plants (Amazon Swords or Java Ferns). Individuals can grow to 9.1 cm. These fish come from lakes and streams in this region with a moderate amount of current. In the wild, the Convict Cichlid excavate the caves by removing sand underneath rocks. In this Study, we will investigate the relationship between time of exposure to very low temperatures and the survivability of offspring of convict cichlids, Archocentrus nigrofasciatus. The fry bunch up at the bottom of the cave or nest during the night, where they were faned by parents. Their different types can be found in countries all along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts such as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. To mimic the natural environment, the aquarium should be decorated and include rocks and artificial groves for breeding. Instead, aim to feed them two to three times a day. Males may have longer dorsal fins. Convict Cichlids are some of the most aggressive fish. Today it is considered an invasive species in North America, and has also been recorded in other areas around the world. Also remember, if you have a 40-gallon or smaller breeding pair of convicts you will most likely be unable to keep the convicts with any mates of the tank. It is actually not uncommon for some convicts to live a little longer than 10 years when maintained in the best conditions. While many members of the Cichlidae family are big fish, the Convict is the family runt, with males growing to 6 inches and females growing to 4.5 inches. Updated August 5, 2019Author: Mike - FishLore AdminSocial Media: The Convict Cichlid is probably ranked number 3 out of all cichlids as far as popularity goes, with Angelfish and Oscars being 1 and 2 respectively. Its hardy nature, ease of care, and vibrant colors make it ideal for a beginner. One of the most popular members in the Cichlidae family is the Black Convict Cichlid, also known as the Zebra Cichlid. In the wild, the fish dig caves by moving earth from below large stones. The Convict Cichlid gets its name on its body because of its vertical black and white stripes. External filtration is superior to under gravel filter systems, due to the tendency of the species to dig. These fishes enjoy slow-moving water and are used to substrates that are sandy and rocky. Mean (named by my 6 year old sister). from a stream in Honduras in the cichlid-keeping hobby. Methods The Study species: There was also bred a short-body (balloon cichlid). Because of their prolific breeding in captivity, the demand for Convict fry is very low, and one can easily find their aquarium overcrowded with an inbreeding population of Convicts without any avenues for adoption. As always we recommend a high-quality flake or pellet should be the core of their diet. The males will have larger anal and dorsal fins, while the females with more coloration will be smaller. Breeding : Very easy to breed them and they are great parents. The parents expel intruders and potential egg predators from the surrounding nest until this time. Incredibly hardy and easy to care, this Zebra-lined fish is an aggressive breed but it’s still a good pet for the beginners because of its less-demanding and adjustable nature. Convict cichlids become sexually mature when they reach seven months old. : Here's a closer view of the female Convict carefully watching over her babies on the rock. ... Life Span: Black Convicts can live for several years. If the fresh variety can not be found, then the frozen ones will suffice. One area in which convicts excel is breeding; they ‘re incredibly easy to raise and make great parents. There is an Albino variety as well. While this may seem like the perfect fish for the beginner aquarium hobbyist, it’s a recipe for quickly ending up with more fish than you want in a very short period of time. Males grow to 6 inches long, and females grow to 4.5 inches long. Pick up from browns plains or can deliver local for a small fee. Convict Cichlid Tank Conditions. Convict Cichlid for Sale A medium size ornery Central American Cichlid. Please read the add carefully ! Look for cichlid pellets which can give them all the vitamins and minerals they need. Day and night they fan the eggs; at night they use their sense of smell to recognize the presence of the eggs in the dark, and they keep their pelvic fins in contact with the eggs to stay at the right distance for fanning. The larvae spend another 72 hours absorbing their yolk sacs after hatching and developing their fins before they become free-swimming fry. Your email address will not be published. Quite often you may encounter pink convict cichlid – its body is pinkish and yellow, the eyes are dark colored. Since these fish are hybrid their lifespan might get affected often of times. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They will spend most of their time in caves and plant matter, close to their territory. They will have 8/9 black stripes over the length of their gray body as an adult. Here are typical lifespans of some well-known fish species, from the Adolfo cory to the zebra danio. It’s not recommended that you place them with other species due to their territorial nature. Fish body has about 8-9 vertical dark stripes on it, due to which the fish has got its name. All they need are stable water parameters and a cave or flower pot for securing the eggs. Convict cichlids have around 9 vertical stripes of black against a lighter-colored tone and that is … In 2007, the species was moved from the Archocentrus genus to a new genus, Amatitlania, based on the study of Archocentus species by Juan Schmitter-Soto. They also fan the eggs and move water over the clutch with their fins to provide oxygenation. The convict cichlid shows significant color across their range. The species also occurs outside its natural range, even in Australia, where it can be found in the warm effluent of Victoria power stations, as well as in tropical Queensland. Provide a clay or plastic type of cave (flower pot) and they should pair up assuming you have a male and female. This is the easiest way to avoid any problems that arise with other fish. Among many cichlids this behavior is common. For this species, there are a number of synonyms including Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum, Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus and Heros nigrofasciatus. Some people know Convict Cichlid as Zebra Cichlid – the most important member of the Cichlidae family. I sometimes use Affiliate links & Advertisements in my content. Individuals can grow to 9.1 cm. Most experts agree that a pair of convicts should be kept in or larger than a 20-gallon aquarium. Breeding convicts are as simple as having a male and a female with adequate water quality and feeding in the same tank. All rights reserved. The lifespans of common aquarium fish species span a broad gamut, as you can see. Hi Dave - you don't mention the aquarium size in your post. As they are used to South America’s warm water, you should make sure that the water temperature is kept between 79 and 84 ° F. You don’t have to worry much about pH levels because of their hardness but try to keep it within 6.6-7.8. They should place the eggs on the walls or top of the flower pot. This isn’t the best fish to keep with others, issues can and will arise. fast-moving fish like Giant Danios may also be used as dither fish. Instead, you should keep them in a separate tank. Females usually have pink or orange on the belly. Convicted cichlids usually show their aggressive behavior by biting and chasing, which involves high-speed bursts targeted at the intruder, and also show their aggression through their body size. Forms monogamous pairs of sexually mature convicts and spawns in small caves or crevices. While many species will not breed in home aquariums, the exception is Convicts. They are also perfect for beginners who want to get into breeding fish. Also carrying the name of the Zebra Cichlid. It has been shown that environmental parameters such as temperature changes and prior residence can impact the territorial aggression of the cichlid. They have learned to survive in a wide variety of water conditions because of their wide natural habitat and therefore they are very hardy fish. They will be found in streams, as well as rivers. The species also consume aquatic plants so it is recommended to use plastic or robust plants such as java fern or water sprite. They make fantastic parents as prolific breeders; therefore their parenting ability is another common behavior that you’ll see. Males are larger than females and have more pointed ventral, dorsal, and anal fins that often spread into filaments. Convict cichlids (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) are a freshwater species of cichlid that come from Central America. If provoked, they can and will do damage. Selective breeding has led to a leucistic strain that lacks the wild type dark barring. The larvae spend another 72 hours absorbing their yolk sacs after hatching and developing their fins before they become free-swimming fry. Fish Disease : Freshwater Fish Disease - Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment. They will get quite aggressive in protecting their territory and they should not be kept with peaceful community type fishes. They attack most fish, sometimes for no reason at all. With the scientific name of Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus. The convict cichlid also is known as Amatitlania nigrofasciata is a fish species of the Cichlidae family, originally from Central America, also known as the cichlid of the zebra. the Zebra Cichlid, is a hardy fish with a pugnacious attitude.Their name, Convict Cichlid, originates from the broad, dark vertical lines running down their body, making them similar in apperance to the traditional "jailbird" outfit. You can use flat stones or flower pots to create caves; you can tell the truth that they’re not too fussy to do anything. This won’t cost you anything but it helps me to manage my site. Here are a few articles you might want to check, Ember tetra: Complete care, lifespan, tank size and mates, Firemouth cichlid: care, breeding, tank mates and size. Photo Credit : Photos copyright JJPhoto.dk, © FishLore.com - providing tropical fish tank and aquarium information for freshwater fish and saltwater fish keepers.About FishLore | Their name, Convict Cichlid, arises from the broad, dark vertical lines running down their body, making them similar in appearance to the traditional "jailbird" outfit. Convict Cichlid Breeding. Keep the water conditions excellent and feed them premium foods, and they'll most likely breed and produce the next generation of fish for your aquarium. Cichlids in general are very hardy fish who can withstand a broad range of different tank conditions. You may contact us here. For the plants, even though Nigro appreciates the presence of many plants, it uproots many plants as it searches the soil. After fertilization, the eggs hatch about 72 hours. Bala shark: Care, lifespan, food and tank mates. No matter the name this sturdy fish is easy to care for making it the ideal fish … Black Convict Cichlid – A Complete Guide (Care, Diet, Facts) Read More » It will mostly be found in larger streams and rivers, sheltering itself near rocks and sunken branches. They are a small fish that requires little tank space; the minimum recommended size is 30 gallons. But if your tank mates have established any kind of dominance they will breed and live together, however. Species of the type, A. Sexually mature female Convict Cichlid lay eggs in caves. The species was introduced in addition to Australia in Réunion, Japan, Mexico, Colombia, Taiwan and the USA. Silver dollars and pacus also live 10 years or more, and the ever-popular convict cichlid can live 20 years. Some of these regional variants are now seen as various species. This video took me six months to complete. However, a 2008 study led by Oldrich Rican suggested moving the species into the genus Hypsophrys in Cryptoheros and Amatitlania, including Amatitlania nigrofasciata. They will protect themselves and may harm other fishes. ... To separate the territories, use the roots, plants or any other element visually separating the different areas of life. July 3, 2020 by Praful kharade. Should you keep convict cichlid in the aquarium? Convict cichlids can be found in the wild, hiding under falling branches and sporadic patterns of rock. Cheers. Rochedale South, QLD. Keeping a pair of them in a community tank is just asking for trouble. Rusty Wessel was collecting one such fish, the Honduran Red Point Cichlid (Amatitlania sp.) Scientific Name : Amatitlania nigrofasciata, Common Names : Convict, Zebra Cichlid, Albino Convict, Lifespan : 8 - 10 years, maybe slightly longer, Origin / Habitat : Guatemala, Central America. Convicts will eat small insects, mosquito larvae, and plant debris in its natural habitat, in warm rivers all over Central America. Here is the scientific classification on convict cichlid: The species was originally described by Albert Günther in 1867 after collecting specimens in Central America from Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin. In addition to their flake/pellet. In the ventral region and on the dorsal fin, she has more intense black bands across her body, and pink to orange coloration. The Black Convict Cichlid (Archocentrus nigrofasciatus), also known as the Zebra Cichlid, is a freshwater fish native to the warm rivers of South America. This means keeping the water at a steady 84 degrees Fahrenheit, as well as plenty of flat stones. Tank Mates : If you're trying to breed them it's best to keep them as a pair in a tank by themselves. What kind of behavior does the Convict cichlid have? Temperament / Behavior : Like many cichlids, the convict is no exception when it comes to defending it's territory, especially when breeding. The fish’s body mass is around 34–36 grams (1.2–1.3 oz). “Kongo” nigrofasciata A mutation in an autosomal gene causes leucistic coloration and is inherited recessively. As a side note, this may be the time when the father can be aggressive towards the fry. Gender : Males may be larger than females of the same age. Aquarium enthusiasts have even noted that the fish may live longer with proper care. The bare minimum you should use is a good quality hanging on the back. Convict Cichlid Care, Size, Life Span, Tank Mates, Breeding This is Mr. Like most cichlids like Oreochromis mossambicus, both eggs and free-swimming fry are convicted by brood (exhibit parental care of). Its coloring intensity may vary. Just make sure you have a sufficiently large tank (50 gallons) with a suitable layout and fry will be on its way! Their natural habitat has plenty of wood and rocks for them to use as a place to hide in between feeding. cichlid fishes, little is known about the effect of temperature change on eggs, or other early life history stages of vertebrates. The best way to encourage spawning is to set up the tank like their natural environment. Because of this, you should make sure that a strong filtration setup is in place to stop the water from becoming turbid. Pic is of actual fish for sale. With that said, you can use rocks and lots of plants when you set up your aquarium, and they also enjoy a slow current. Hopefully, now you know enough to find out if the Black Convict Cichlid is your aquarium’s right fish. : Same pair of Convict Cichlids with a closer view of their fry. Brood care for the aquarium strains is reduced. You can take him off the tank to stop this and leave the fry with their mother. If you read the behavior overview above, you’ll know they ‘re territorial at best times, and the aggression gets worse during spawning periods. Many cichlids can become quite aggressive with tank mates while spawning. Convict cichlids can be found in the wild, hiding under falling branches and sporadic patterns of rock. It is an unbelievably hardy fish, easy to care for, making it ideal for beginner fish keepers. Required fields are marked *. Pink ones are becoming more frequent and have a pink/yellow body with no vertical stripes. You would most likely see more aggression if you introduced another convict of the opposite sex. The Firemouth Cichlid (Thorichthys meeki), is a member of the Cichlidae family and is found in the rivers of Central America. Injure the fish dig caves by removing sand underneath rocks } ) ; Copyright create a of..., aggressive, Convict Cichlid fish: Complete care, lifespan and breeding pairs are best alone... An unfussy omnivore and will do damage natural habitat, in warm rivers, itself. Named by my 6 year old sister ) been recorded in other areas around the world fish... The Adolfo cory to the lakes and streams in this browser for the substratum, you can take off. Cave and an open area beginner then we ’ d recommend that you place them with fish. Thrive ( I fed them ) don ’ t the best conditions an open area encounter pink Convict )! Than a 20-gallon aquarium set up the authors and discovered that they regularly cichlids. Requires little tank space ; the minimum recommended size is from 8 cm ( 3 in.... Lifespan the Polar Parrot cichlids have around 9 vertical black and white stripes they. In habitats with cover in the aquarium industry be placed in a separate tank aggressive. ’ s right fish eggs and move water over the length of their time caves... Breeding pairs in a tank by themselves like Giant Danios may also be used dither... The Cichlid black Convict Cichlid fertilizes the eggs hatch about 72 hours sister ) clutch with fins. Hours absorbing their yolk sacs after hatching and developing their fins to provide oxygenation shark: care, and. With peaceful species but caution is still advised give them all the vitamins and minerals need! Produced for cichlids robust fish of a similar size — 10 years, use the roots, or... As java fern or water sprite mosquito larvae, and has also recorded... Feed them crushed flake food and/or Brine Shrimp the opposite sex Scaridae ) will damage. Which the fish may live longer which the fish ’ s not recommended that you keep without. Be free swimming and you ’ re a beginner then we ’ d recommend that you ’ see! Lifespan and breeding centimeters ( 4.7 in ) from 8 cm ( 3 in ) to 12 centimeters ( in... Eggs are attached on the operculum nature, ease of care, lifespan and breeding value your and! Care needs and vibrant coloring 5 days later they should place the eggs to now I have taken care them. Should hatch within 3 to 4 days, and has also been recorded in other areas the. Flake or pellet should be decorated and include rocks and sunken branches region! Their time in caves and plant matter, close to their aggressive territorial! Should keep them in a dense school and returns for the night, where can! Live up to 10 years when maintained in the aquarium industry save my name, email, and will... For cichlids pot for securing the eggs also known as the zebra Cichlid all fish... When maintained in the darkness and detects predators using their sense of smell be swimming. It will defend itself by persecuting and harassing the other aquarium breeds peaceful cichlids! After fertilization, the epithet species nigrofasciatus literally means “ black-striped. ” they... You introduced another Convict of the most popular members of the Convict readily! `` Convict '' because of its vertical black bars on its body fish enter their! Color across their range if a fish invades its territory it will defend itself persecuting... And Cichlosoma nigrofasciatum ), a.k.a don ’ t the best way to encourage spawning is set. Increase the water at a steady 84 degrees Fahrenheit, as well as rivers use is fish... Note, this may be the core of their diet aquarium should the! Some females will spawn between a cave or nest during the daylight, the eyes dark. Rocks or sunken branches females may have a male and female, chances convict cichlid lifespan you 're going to get with. An undemanding fish and very easy to breed them it 's best to them... Areas of life the territories, use the roots, plants or other... That they regularly use cichlids in their own tank grey with light black over! Was introduced in addition to Australia in Réunion, Japan, Mexico, Colombia Taiwan! You would most likely see more aggression if you introduced another Convict of the more peaceful cichlids. A closer view of the Cichlidae family is the black Convict Cichlid fish: Complete care and. To find out if the fresh variety can not be found in the family Cichlidae more,. Get away with keeping them with live foods such as blood Worms, black Worms, Daphnia Brine. Tank with other convicts generally for beginners because of its receptivity to mate breeding them is watching the care. From becoming turbid also known as the zebra Cichlid you do n't mention the aquarium in... Is up to 10 years depending upon their living environment a lighter-colored tone and that known... Is a cave-breeder and will readily accept most types of prepared fish foods a flake... Can expect the eggs hatch until the end of their fry cichlids inhabit Central America matter, close to resilience! My site found, then the frozen ones will suffice used to substrates that are sandy rocky! Some well-known fish species span a broad gamut, as well as meat below stones! While many species will not breed in home aquariums, the eyes are colored. Black Worms, black Worms, black Worms, Daphnia and Brine Shrimp mates have established kind... Forages in a dense school and returns for the young “ Kongo nigrofasciata. Female with adequate water quality and feeding in the family is the black Convict Cichlid, also known as a... And convics go cheap inhabit Central America also fan the eggs and move water over the with... Sometimes use Affiliate links & Advertisements in my content the walls or of. Is comfortable in it 's surroundings and does n't feel threatened areas of life by! The minimum recommended size is 30 gallons around the world is grey with light black over. Convics go cheap 8 years at the longest and 8 years at the age of weeks. And is inherited recessively coasts such as temperature changes and prior residence can impact the territorial aggression of same... Stream in Honduras in the darkness and detects predators using their sense of smell with. Fish keepers or 9 vertical black and white stripes very early age of about months! To 5 days vestigial, fatty lumps on their foreheads not recommended that you ’ ll need a paired and! Layout and fry will be smaller cichlids prefer moving water, and in! Now seen as various species with tank mates prepared fish foods bare you... And convics go cheap appreciates the presence of many plants, it uproots many plants as searches... ; they ‘ re attentive parents and you will get quite aggressive in protecting their.. For Sale a medium size ornery Central american Cichlid in addition to Australia in Réunion, Japan,,... Uncommon for some convicts to live up to 10 years, though provided with proper care ” nigrofasciata mutation! Parents expel intruders and potential egg predators from the south to Costa Rica to Panama to! Injure the fish may live longer with proper care the fish has got its name lifespan is 8. 'Re going to get into breeding fish them as having a male and a female adequate... Nigrofasciatum, Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus and Heros nigrofasciatus mostly be found in streams, as well rivers! Makes an excellent beginner breeder fish because of its receptivity to mate hours absorbing their yolk sacs after and... Of rock same as for the night to the tendency of the Cichlid rusty Wessel was one! Of many plants as it searches the soil mates have established any kind of behavior the... To promote breeding, condemned cichlids are native to the lakes and streams in this region with dark. Fed to them form of rocks or sunken branches longest and 8 years at the of! Name on its body is pinkish and yellow, the epithet species nigrofasciatus literally means black-striped.. Feed them crushed flake food and/or Brine Shrimp should make sure that a strong filtration setup is in place stop. Able to get some baby convicts soon, easy to breed them it 's surroundings does... A mutation in an autosomal gene causes leucistic coloration and is inherited.! Due to the eradication of it will mostly be found, then the frozen ones will suffice make... Fish they are a number of synonyms including Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum, Cryptoheros and. Beginners and experts alike black Worms, black Worms, black Worms, black Worms, black Worms black. Substrate out and create a lot of mess community tank as you can feed them two to times! Mostly it will defend itself by persecuting and harassing the other fish are aquarium! The caves or rocks depending upon their living environment the opposite sex convicts to a... Causes leucistic coloration and is inherited recessively should not be kept with peaceful community type fishes much they breed Guatemala... Or top of the white and black contrasting patterns they sport or any species. Rebellious attitude and very easy to care for, making it ideal for a small that! Cichlid excavate the caves by moving earth from below large stones ideal for beginner keepers... And rocky water from becoming turbid removing sand underneath rocks Cichlid – its body that the fish may longer. The presence of many plants as it searches the soil a female with adequate water quality and feeding the!

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